Football came to Russia in the very end of 19th century – beginning of the 20th. Foreigners from embassies in Saint-Petersburg invited Russians to play this new game which rapidly became popular.
Shiryaevo Field, Presnenskoye Field – these names are little-known to Moscow inhabitants now but in those days they were favorite places for passionate football players. History testifies that the first football stadium in Moscow was the «Young pioneers» stadium, which in fact received its` name later. It was built at the crossroads of present Leningradsky prospect and Begovaya street. Afterwards many beautiful sport stadiums appeared in the capital. And what an extraordinary push received Moscow due to the football world Cup in 2018!
One of the serious novelties – reconstruction of the biggest stadium in the country – «Luzhniki». 16 main exits are made for spectators which allow to quit the stadium in 15 minutes. All the tribunes are quite close to the field – it could be seen from every place, and the giant roof protecting from nasty weather is enlarged by 11 meters. Stadium is planned to be actively used also after the Cup: the authorities are going to open an observation deck here with panoramic views of Moscow. Thus the arena could attract tourists not only in the days of sport events. The giant sports park which is under construction in «Luzhniki» is already intensively used by people. It adjoins to Luzhnetskaya embankment and Vorobievy hills. Cableway which is capable to transport 1.6 thousand of people per hour is also mounted nowadays. From the height it will be possible to view all the skyscrapers of Moscow and to look at the features of a unique building – metro bridge.
Another new sport enterprise – «Spartak» stadiium (official name – «Otkrytie Arena»). Apart from these giants many football fields were built all over Moscow for amateurs and young professionals from sport schools and clubs.
Main sport stadiums of Moscow
The principal football world Cup stadium was constructed in 1956 for the First all-Union summer Spartakiad. Since that time the Big sports arena became a host to many great sport and cultural events, including summer Olympic Games of 1980. But specifically football played always the leading part of «Luzhniki» - more than 3000 games were held here.
In 2013 started the reconstruction of «Luzhniki» aimed for world Cup – 2018. One of the priority factors was conservation of the historical façade of the stadium which had become one of the places of interest in Moscow. Arena was totally rebuilt inside: running tracks were removed, tribunes were moved closer to the field, the shape of tribunes became rectangular, its` tilt changed, two rows were added. The capacity of the stadium increased to 80 000 spectators.
Address: Luzhniki street, 24
«Spartak» («Otkrytie Arena»)
One of the most popular clubs of the country –«Spartak» from Moscow- since its` foundation in 1922 was existing without home field. The team played their games in Moscow using other stadiums. In spring of 2010 at the place of former airfield in Moscow region Tushino ,«Spartak» football club started the construction of its` own stadium. It was opened on the 5th of September 2014.
The stadium is famous for its` unique appearance – the façade is made in a shape of gladiators armor, which is formed by numerous rhombus, resembling at the same time the emblem of «Spartak». The facade is able to change its` color, depending on the team which is currently on the field. When «Spartak» is playing, the arena becomes red and white, when Russian team is playing it changes to the colors of Russian flag. Inside the stadium it is organized museum of «Spartak» football team, fan-club and trappings shop. Near the stadium recently was opened new metro station under the name of the club.
Address: Volokolamskoye shosse, 69
It is the home field of another popular Russian club – CSKA. The stadium was built in 1961 by initiative of the first deputy of the Minister of Defense of the USSR marshal Andrey Grechko. In Soviet times the stadium was mainly used for plays of reserved teams. All the matches were held in daytime because there was no lighting due to closeness of the airport. The construction of the new stadium instead of demolished one began in May of 2007. The stadium was officially opened on the 23th of August 2016.
The architects of the building were Dmitry Bush and Andrey Bokov, well-known for the construction of ice palace «Iceberg» in Sochi, the ice palace «Krylatskoye» in Moscow and several others. The stadium is equipped by the sliding roof.
It is the domestic field of «Dynamo» club. The first stadium of sport society «Dynamo» was opened in 1923 at the deserted area near Saint Olga hospital in Orlovo-Davydvkovsky lane. In 1926 the improvement of the economical situation allowed to start the construction of the modern big stadium at the crossroads of Moskovskaya and Teatralnaya alleys of Petrovsky park. Initially the works were performed in weekends by enthusiastic youth, but later this construction project received the state status.
The initial concept was created by Erick van Egeraat. The final design of the new stadium was made by David Manica. The new complex of buildings, which is now under construction, will include trading-entertaining complex, office buildings, apartments, 5-star hotel, parking for 16 000 cars.
Address: Leningradsky prospect, 36
The stadium of Moscow club «Lokomotiv». Initially this stadium was built according to an order of the Central Committee of electric machine industry trade union. Afterwards it was renamed in «Stalinez». «Lokomotiv» club became the owner of the stadium in Hrushev times. A new one construction with the same name was opened on 17th of August 1966. It received new bulk tribunes and monumental columns. Totally new stadium was constructed in 2002 at the same historic place.
This stadium is considered to be one of the most technically advanced in Russia, it is also famous for its` unique construction. It has four tribunes (the South, the North, the East, the West), each of them is consisted of two floors, separated by VIP area. The stadium has a roof which shelter all the seats.
Address: B. Cherkizovskaya, 125, bld.1