Tverskoy and Nikitsky boulevards

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These two boulevards are forming a part of the Boulevard Ring. Besides, Tverskoy is the longest and the oldest. It was first mentioned in the "Projekted plan of Moscow of 1775," one of the most revolutionary documents of the capital urban development. At that time it was simply called a boulevard, because it was the only one. The boulevard was one of the favorite places for walks of the nobility. Pushkin liked to walk here with his numerous sweethearts. And it was here, where initially the famous monument to the poet had been installed. Later it was moved to the other side of Tverskaya street.

Route points

  • 1
    The Literary Institute
    Bolshaya Bronnaya street, 16, building1

    It bears the name of Maxim Gorky, but in the yard of the Institute stands a monument to Herzen, who was appreciated by Gorky as a critic. Why Herzen? He was the illegitimate son of a big landlord, and was born in 1812 in the estate, which is now occupied by the Institute. The building then belonged to the uncle of the future publicist, Senator Yakovlev.

  • 2
    The Pushkin Drama Theatre
    Tverskoy boulevard, 23

    During the reign of Catherine II the mansion was already well-known. It cost an unimaginable sum – the Privy Council of the Empress received 3300 gold rubles for it. That was the price of a herd of 4.5 thousand cows! In 1914, when Alexander Tairov, a theatre director, began to look for the premisis for his theater, his leading actress Alisa Koonen persuaded him to occupy the empty mansion, seeing in it something mysterious. The director did not want to destroy the historic interiors and built a small stage on the side of the mansion.

  • 3
    The Gorky Moscow Art Theatre
    Tverskoy boulevard, 22

    It is one of the few modern buildings on the boulevard. Built for the Gorky Moscow Art Theater with the blessing of Yekaterina Furtseva, the Minister of Culture. The troupe was separated from the team, which today is called the Chekhov Moscow Art Theatre. The Gorky theatre positions itself as the one, which follows the traditions of Stanislavsky.

  • 4
    The Monument to Yesenin
    Tverskoy boulevard, opposite No. 19
    The monument to Yesenin, one of the most famous Russian poets, appeared here in 1995. Born in a small village, the poet managed to gain the nationwide popularity. His beautiful blue eyes and golden hair made the dancer Isadora Duncan, the most fashionable lady of that time, fall in love with him. The end of both lovers was tragic: Yesenin was found dead in a hotel in St. Petersburg. He either committed suicide, or was killed. Duncan was strangled with her own neck scarf, caught in the wheels of the car, which she was driving.
  • 5
    House No. 18
    Tverskoy boulevard

    Smirnov's Mansion is the most famous creation of architect Schechtel. It is a Modern-style building, the classic of this genre. The first building in Moscow, which Schekhtel, in the process of reconstruction, supplied with radiators, a boiler room and a ventilation system. Hard to imagine, but in this small mansion there were eight rooms for receptions, a winter garden and even a private zoo.

  • 6
    The House-Museum of Ermolova
    Tverskoy boulevard, 11
    The feature of this building is the rose glass in the windows. The actress Ermolova in the last years of her life was a long time sick and felt blue. Her friends - Stanislavsky, Nemirovich-Danchenko and Chaliapin – came up with a special effect to improve her mood. So, Yermolova could look at the world through the rose-colored windows, that was even more important, than to view it through rose-colored spectacles.


  • 7
    House No. 7/2
    Tverskoy boulevard
    The house was built by Matvey Kazakov and for a long time did not change its exterior. But the fire of 1812 made its own adjustments, both in its exterior and in its interior. Its rooms became available for rent for students of the Conservatory and the Art school. Theatrical rehearsals and musical evenings were held in rooms of the musician Kruglikov. Here sang Chaliapin and the artist Vrubel's wife, who was considered by the public to be one of the best singers. Her husband portrayed her on almost each of his canvases. For example, she can be seen on the Vrubel's painting "The Swan Princess", which is stored in the Tretyakov Gallery.
  • 8
    TASS News Agency
    Bolshaya Nikitskaya str., 28

    The building was constructed for the Central Telegraph Agency - TASS. The Agency traces its history from 1904. The large windows of this new building are supposed to remind of so called windows of ROSTA (that was the name of the agency in 1919) – propaganda posters created by poets and artists of that time.

  • 9
    House No.1
    Tverskoy boulevard

    The 6-storey house was built in 1949 for the families of military personnel. It housed a very well-known store "Fabrics", where in the 1960s, during the Khrushchev “thaw”, all fashionable women of the capital and their dressmakers used to gather to buy trendy novelties.

  • 10
    The Fountain Rotunda
    In front of the temple the "Great Ascension"
    Opened on the 200th anniversary of Alexander Pushkin, in the memory of his wedding to Natalia Goncharova, which occurred in the temple located behind the bronze newlyweds. The dome, weighing 1 ton, was "stitched" from stainless steel by a high-sensitivity laser at the Institute of High Energy Physics, and brought to Moscow in the night already assembled.
  • 11
    The Temple "Great Ascension"
    Bolshaya Nikitskaya str., 36

    One of the oldest churches of Moscow. The original was made of wood. Then, with the money of the mother of Peter the Great, the Tsarina Natalia Naryshkina, a stone Church on the site of the old one was built. Later the money for reconstruction was given by the secret husband of the Empress Catherine II, Grigory Potemkin. When the frivolous wife lost interest in him and began to pay attention to another person, Potemkin wrote to the Empress: the man, who will take his place, "would not be alive". But Catherine's assurances of eternal friendship, calmed him down and he began to build temples.

  • 12
    The Theatre at Nikitsky Gates
    Bolshaya Nikitskaya str., 23/14
    The house belonged to the father of poet Nikolai Ogarev. The poet used it to organize secret meetings of the group, a member of which was Herzen. Later the building housed the Repetitive Film Cinema, and then the "Theatre at Nikitsky Gates".
  • 13
    The State Museum of Oriental Art
    Nikitsky boulevard , 12A
    A private residence of the Lunins' family was built in 1822. The work is attributed to Domenico Gilardi. Now the State Museum of Oriental Art is located here. It can be proud of the world largest collection of works by Roerich. The Museum exposition tells the story of 100 countries of the East, from Japan to India and Iran.
  • 14
    House No. 13
    Nikitsky boulevard
    Pharmaceutical faculty of the Moscow Medical Academy named after Ivan Sechenov. The building was originally constructed in 1910 for a gymnasium. Various educational institutions were always located here: the Society for dissemination of practical knowledge among educated women, a private female gymnasium, courses of art needlework, schools of cutting and sewing, etc.
  • 15
    The House of Gogol
    Nikitsky boulevard, 7А
    Nikolai Gogol spent his last, the most tragic years in the wing of this mansion. Here he wrote the second volume of "The Dead Souls" and burned it. Here he was dying, pleading his acquaintances not to bury him alive. In the yard there is a monument to Gogol. And inside the building - the Museum-apartment of the writer.
  • 16
    Central House of Journalists
    Nikitsky boulevard, 8А
    The next day after the wedding, Alexander Pushkin with his young wife visited a ball in this Moscow estate. Here Vladimir Mayakovsky played billiards, Anatoly Lunacharsky read his works and Andrey Bely quarreled with Alexander Block. In 1920 the House of Press was opened in this building. During the World War II, military correspondents would leave for the front from here. Many of them never returned home. The monument to frontline correspondents, installed in the yard, reminds about them.
  • 17
    The Moscow Museum of Modern Art
    Tverskoy boulevard, 9

    One of the four buildings of the Museum, the collection of which is based on the personal collection of Zurab Tsereteli. Here you can trace the history of the Avant-garde looking at works of foreign and Russian artists. One can also listen to a course of lectures and get a profession connected with painting.

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