The Victory Park

50 min.
4200 m.

Poklonnaya gora was first mentioned in 1368, in the "Byhovts Chronicle", as the place, where many years ago important persons and foreign ambassadors were met with bows. Knowing about this fact, in 1812 Napoleon was waiting for the keys to the Kremlin just here, on Poklonnaya gora. But in vain. In February 23, 1958 a granite sign was established here, announcing the intention to construct a monument to the Victory in The World War II. The works started in 1984. The grand opening of the memorial complex in honor of the 50th anniversary of the Victory took place on May 9, 1995.

Route points

  • 1
    Shuhada Memorial Mosque
    One of the three temples of various religious denominations, built on Poklonnaya gora as a sign of the multi-nationality of the winners' army. The Memorial Mosque in memory of the Muslim soldiers, who perished in the war, was erected in the years 1995-1997 on the initiative of the Moscow government and Spiritual Directorate of the Muslims of European Russia. Every Friday a part of the Muslim population of the capital gathers here.
  • 2
    Monument "Tragedy of Peoples"
    The monument was erected in 1997 in the memory of the Nazi genocide victims, depicted in the form of a stone, half-human, half-shadow. The height of the sculpture is about 8 meters.
  • 3
    Memorial plaque "Spirit of the Elbe river"
    The plaque, dedicated to the allied troops meeting at the Elbe river in April 1945, was installed in 1995.
  • 4
    Monument to the "Missing soldiers without graves"
    The monument was opened on Poklonnaya gora in 1995. It is a stone image of a mortally wounded soldier.
  • 5
    Monument to the" Soldiers-Internationalists"
    Its main character is our contemporary. The monument is dedicated to all Soviet and Russian servicemen, who perished in the line of duty abroad. Installed in 2004.
  • 6
    Monument to the "Defenders of the Russian land"
    The monument was erected at the intersection of Kutuzovsky avenue and Minsk street in 1995. One can see three Russian warriors – an epic hero, a hussar, resisting the Napoleon troops and a hero of the World War II.
  • 7
    Monument to the Heroes of the First World War
    On the 1st of August, 2014, the day of the 100th anniversary of Russia's entry into the First World War, the monument to the heroes of the 1914-1918 war was opened. On the stele one can see a Russian soldier, who had endured all the hardships of this battle of countries and peoples.
  • 8
    Church of St. George the Martyr
    The church was founded in 1993 by Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II. Its construction was completed in 1995 and now regular services are held here. In the temple there is a fragment of the relics of the Great Martyr George the Victorious, donated by the Jerusalem Patriarch Diodorus and transferred to the temple in 1998.
  • 9
    Memorial Synagogue
    The opening of the Memorial Synagogue and the monument "The Temple of Memory of Jewish Holocaust Victims" was held in 1998. The synagogue was built to remind of more than 6 million Jews murdered during the World War II. The memorial on Poklonnaya gora was the first museum of Jewish history in modern Russia.
  • 10
    Victory Monument
    The central monument of the park complex has the height of 141.8 meters, 10 cm for every day of the war. Traditionally, many Moscow couples come here on the wedding day for photographs.
  • 11
    Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War
    The Museum part of the park ensemble includes the halls of Memory and Glory, an art gallery, six dioramas, the halls of historical exposition, the cinema-lecture hall, the exhibition hall for organizing thematic exhibitions, a meeting hall for veterans and a cinema hall for showing documentary films.
  • 12
    The Eternal Flame
    On the 30th of April, 2010 at Poklonnaya gora in a solemn ceremony the Eternal fire was lit from the Eternal flame at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. So we can say that these lights are twin brothers.
  • 13
    Monument "We were together in the fight against fascism"
    The monument is intended to symbolize that the country won the war only thanks to the unity and cohesion of people of different nationalities and religions. The three temples of different religions, gathered in one park, remind us about it.
  • 14
    Monument to the "Spanish volunteers, perished in the War"
    The monument is a chapel of granite 7-meter height. The opening took place on the 26th of June, 2003. Our history is closely connected with the history of this European country. At first, the Soviet Union had helped Spain in the fight with Franko and given shelter to many children of Spanish Communists. Later Spanish volunteers fought together with us against Hitler.
  • 15
    Monument to the "Anti-Hitler Coalition"
    The monument is a marble stele, 20 meters high, crowned with a gilded wreath. It was opened on the 7th of May, 2005. The figures of Soviet, American, French and British soldiers are standing shoulder to shoulder in front of it.
  • 16
    Memorable stele to the "Fronts and Fleets, fighting during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945".
    The monument presents a colonnade of 15 memorable steles, symbolizing the contribution of the 10 fronts to the Victory in the War. It was opened on the 7th of May, 2005.
  • 17
    "Cities-Heroes" Memorial complex
    It is a granite obelisk, crowned with a double-headed eagle. On the decorative granite steles the names of all the Russian cities of Military Glory are carved. On the four sides of the stele there are four bronze bas-reliefs with figures of soldiers of different historical eras. It was installed on the 5th of December, 2016.
  • 18
    Flower clock
    The biggest floral clock in the world can be seen in the Victory Park. Its diameter is 10 meters and the length of the arrows is 4.5 meters.
  • 19
    There are 15 fountains in the Park, 15 jets each. It symbolizes the 225 weeks of the Great Patriotic War.
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